This is a comparison between organic gardening and regular gardening. The difference between these two methods refers to the ideology and methods used to raise the plants.
Organic gardening is basically growing and cultivating plants without using any synthetic or chemical means of pest control, weeding, or fertilization; instead, organic gardeners use only natural methods to care for their crops.
Benefits of Organic Gardening
Good to the environment: Organic farming uses all natural methods that does not harm the environment with artificial fertilizer or pesticides. These techniques actually improve the quality of the soil and the ecosystem in general and therefore produce crops that are healthier. One of the most notable difference is that organic vegetables do not taste bitter as opposed to conventional vegetables.
Better Nutrition: It is a well known fact that organic produce has more nutrition compared to their conventional counterparts: A 2001 article published in the Journal of Complimentary Medicine found that, compared with conventional crops, organic crops had significantly higher levels of all 21 nutrients analyzed, including vitamin C (27% more), magnesium (29% more), iron (21% more) and phosphorous (14% more).
Financially efficient: In organic farming, cost is effectively lowered as fertilizer and pesticide is made using material that is already available: plants around the gardener. Organic produce sold elsewhere is often many times more expensive than conventional produce, and growing them yourself can save a lot of money as the costs of growing them yourself is nowhere near what organic vegetables are being sold for.
Disadvantages of Organic Gardening
Too much effort and time: Organic farming requires a lot of time and effort to create and maintain. It is labor intensive as the gardener will have to take the current ecosystem into consideration, rotate crops, remove diseased plants and weeds on a regular basis as well as mixing and making the organic compost. All of these actions take a lot of time and hard work, but not for the enthusiast who will find these activities relaxing.
Less produce: Organic crops will produce less crops when compared to regular produce as organic fertilizer releases their nutrients slowly and thus have less nutrients for the plants, which means less produce. Also, since organic ways of controlling pests are not as effective as synthetic methods, there will be some losses there due to pests as well.
Conventional gardening uses chemicals to enhance plant growth for better yield and harmful chemical pesticides to control pests effectively. It produces more yield but with less nutrients.
Benefits of conventional gardening
Less effort and time: The usage of readily made fertilizer and pesticides means crops grow with less problems and not using compost means that the gardener does not have to wait for the compost to be ready. Fertilizers used may also be mixed with other additives that causes the plants to grow more within a shorter period of time.
Better yield: Conventional gardening gives more produce when compared to organic gardening as synthetic fertilizer provides all of the needed nutrients faster to the plant compared to organic compost. There is also less diseases and pests as synthetic pesticides tend to be very effective.
Disadvantages of conventional gardening
Environmental pollution: Synthetic pesticides and fertilizers contain harmful chemicals that can easily leak into the environment, destroying the ecosystem and disrupting its balance. This can result in environmental disasters like landslides and deformed fauna.
Health risks: According to the EPA, pesticide exposure can lead to nerve damage, cancer, and birth defects. A 2003 study published in Occupational and Environmental Medicine found that women with breast cancer were five to nine times more likely to have pesticide residues in their blood than those without the disease. Overconsumption of vegetables and fruits with too much pesticide will result in vomiting, diarrhea, excessive drooling, disorientation, seizures, or even death.
Fewer nutrients: It has been proven that conventional vegetables does not have as much nutrients as organic vegetables. Furthermore, pesticides also limit the absorption of nutrition.
This is a brief comparison on the differences between organic farming and conventional farming to show the differences between the two. From here, we can see that organic farming has a lot more benefits compared to conventional farming.