Basil is a wonderfully fragrant leafy herb, which can be added to sandwiches, salads and pasta dishes. It has a distinctive aromatic flavor that makes it popular in both western and eastern cuisine. Basil plants grow from seeds or from plant cuttings.
Prepare the soil by loosening it up and removing any weeds present. Water the soil a day before sowing the seeds or plant cuttings, as they require moist soil to germinate and grow. They also need adequate sunlight to grow properly. Sow either the seeds or cuttings in the soil around 1-2 inches apart. Cuttings will generally grow faster than the seeds. More compost can be added after sowing the seeds or cuttings. Water the plants regularly as they require a lot of water. Pinch off flowers when they start to appear, as it will cause the plant to bolt, and produce fewer leaves in the process. This also causes the leaves to lose its distinctive flavor. Basil can be harvested at around 3-4 months after planting, when the plant is strong and well established.